Publications

Institutional and Political Drivers of Migration in Central America 

When Central American migrants are asked why they decided to leave their countries, they give a variety of responses; they’re seeking better economic opportunities, family reunification, protection from extortion and criminal violence, hope for a better future for their children. Often it is a combination of factors that drive migration, and the drivers of migration are themselves linked.

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Economic and Environmental Drivers of Central American Migration

Most Central American migrants cite economic conditions as a reason for their decision to leave their countries. For some it is the only reason: they migrate because they can no longer survive where they are. For some, their loss of livelihoods is due to environmental pressures such as drought, hurricanes or the long-term effects of climate change. For others, their decisions to migrate are the result of both economic desperation and personal insecurity due to criminal violence. For almost all of them, poverty and loss of hope that conditions will improve are factors in their decisions to move.

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Regional Cooperation and Co-Responsibility

This report from the North and Central American Task Force on Migration outlines concrete recommendations for a comprehensive regional approach and governance architecture to address migration. The issues are simply too complex to be dealt with by any one country acting along.

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Cooperación y corresponsabilidad regionales

El fortalecimiento de los mecanismos regionales de corresponsabilidad en Centroamérica para las personas migrantes y refugiadas no solo ofrece una nueva perspectiva para responder a la migración en la región, sino que también contribuirá a mejorar la distribución de responsabilidades a nivel mundial, tal como lo piden el Pacto Mundial sobre Refugiados y el Pacto Mundial para una Migración Segura, Ordenada y Regular.

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World Refugee & Migration Council Research

The bold recommendations of the World Refugee & Migration Council’s (formerly called the World Refugee Council) Call to Action: Transforming the Global Refugee System report are grounded in peer-reviewed research papers and reports on issues impacting displaced people and migrants. 

New research to support the Council’s projects for implementing many of its innovative proposed actions focuses on:

  • Holding governments and kleptocrats accountable for displacement
  • Gender — with a particular focus on refugee women and girls 
  • Climate change and migration, and
  • Host communities — both the impact of protracted displacement and innovative ways of supporting host governments

The research agenda will continue to evolve as the Council engages in other issues, such as the impact of COVID-19 on Syrian refugees. Researchers interested in submitting their work for possible publication are encourage to contact us at: research@wrmcouncil.org